Business, Management and Education, Vol 12, No 2 (2014)

Characteristics of Omega-Optimized Portfolios at Different Levels of Threshold Returns

Renaldas Vilkancas (Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania)


There is little literature considering effects that the loss-gain threshold used for dividing good and bad outcomes by all downside (upside) risk measures has on portfolio optimization and performance. The purpose of this study is to assess the performance of portfolios optimized with respect to the Omega function developed by Keating and Shadwick at different levels of the threshold returns. The most common choices of the threshold values used in various Omega studies cover the risk-free rate and the average market return or simply a zero return, even though the inventors of this measure for risk warn that “using the values of the Omega function at particular points can be critically misleading” and that “only the entire Omega function contains information on distribution”. The obtained results demonstrate the importance of the selected values of the threshold return on portfolio performance – higher levels of the threshold lead to an increase in portfolio returns, albeit at the expense of a higher risk. In fact, within a certain threshold interval, Omega-optimized portfolios achieved the highest net return, compared with all other strategies for portfolio optimization using three different test datasets. However, beyond a certain limit, high threshold values will actually start hurting portfolio performance while meta-heuristic optimizers typically are able to produce a solution at any level of the threshold, and the obtained results would most likely be financially meaningless.

Article in: English

Article published: 2014-12-23

Keyword(s): downside risk; Omega function; portfolio optimization; threshold return; differential evolution (DE).

DOI: 10.3846/bme.2014.235

Full Text: PDF pdf

Business, Management and Education ISSN 2029-7491, eISSN 2029-6169
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License.